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GK - weekly updates - December 28 - SSC UPSC RRB NTPC SBI PO


GK - weekly updates - December 28 - SSC UPSC RRB NTPC SBI PO

  1. India’s bilateral relations with Vietnam come under which policy initiative?
  1. Act East, Think West Policy
  2. Win East Policy
  3. Act East Policy
  4. Indo Pacific East Policy

Ans. c

Explanation: India and Vietnam have a great strategic partnership to bring stability in the Indo-Pacific region. This comes under India’s Act East Policy which aims to promote cultural and economic ties with countries of the Asia Pacific region. 

  1. Where will the Summer Olympics 2020 be held?
  1. Australia
  2. Geneva
  3. Tokyo
  4. Greece

Ans. c.

Explanation: The 2020 summer Olympics is an international sports event which will be held from 23 July to 8 August 2021, in the city of Tokyo, Japan. As the name suggests, this summer Olympics were originally intended to be held from 24 July to 9 August 2020, but due to the ongoing Covid-19 Pandemic, Tokyo Olympics 2020 was postponed. 

  1. With respect to the Tokyo Olympics answer the correct statement out of the following:

i) The motto this year is United Nations United Emotions 

ii) The mascot is Miraitowa

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Both i and ii
  4. None of the above

Ans. b 

Explanation: The motto this year is United by Emotion and the mascot for the event is Miraitowa; created by Ryo Taniguchi. The name ‘Tokyo 2020’ is not changed to ‘Tokyo 2021’ because of marketing and branding reasons. This is also the first time in history when an Olympic games event has been postponed instead of being cancelled.

  1. Which part of the body does Shigella infect?
  1. Blood 
  2. Pancreas
  3. Intestine 
  4. Liver

Ans: c

Explanation:  Shigella bacteria cause an infection known as shigellosis. It is a contagious intestinal infection. People suffering from Shigella infection have diarrhoea, fever, and stomach cramps. Usually, symptoms begin 1-2 days after infection and last about 7 days. Without taking antibiotics, most people recover.  

  1. With respect to Shigella infection select the correct statement

i) It is spread through particle transmission

ii) It is spread through contamination in food and water

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Both i and ii
  4. None of the above

Ans. b

Explanation: The most common way to spread the disease is direct person-to-person contact. Eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water are common ways to get infected.

  1. What are FAANG companies?
  1. These are the sister alliances of the internet giant Facebook
  2. It is a group of Chinese companies
  3. These include Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix and Alphabet in all
  4. This is s biomedical company supplying the best anti-venom

Ans: c

Explanation: FAANG is an acronym for five big tech giants namely: Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix and Alphabet (which owns Google). The share prices of FAANG Companies have escalated in the year 2020 by close to 50% despite the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

  1. Who is the founder of Netflix?
  1. Marc Jacobs
  2. Google
  3. Reed Hastings 
  4. Ted Sarandos

Ans: c. 

Explanation: Reed Hastings is the founder of the tech and entertainment giant Netflix. Google does not own Netflix, however, Amazon almost did. Its co-CEO is Ted Sarandos. 

  1. What is Legion of Merit that has been given to PM Modi?
  1. It is the honour given by the Queen of England to the people who show outstanding performance in world leadership
  2. It is the only military honour given by the United States of America to any foreign national
  3. It is the medal of honour given by the USA only to world leaders
  4. This medal of honour is given by the President of the US approved by the Queen of England

Ans. b

Explanation: Legion of Merit is the US military decoration having distinct ranks. It is by far the first US medal that is awarded to the citizens of other countries. The medal is awarded for extraordinary services, fidelity shown by the person in either combat or non-combat situations.

  1. Apart from Narendra Modi, which another Indian from the list given below has been honoured with the Legion of Merit? 
  1. Satyawant Mallana Srinagesh
  2. Rabindranath Tagore
  3. Amartya Sen
  4. Manmohan Singh

Ans. a

Explanation: The Indians who have received the honour so far are King George VI, Commonwealth armed forces in 1945, Brother of Sir Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana in 1946, Shah Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, Iranian Armed Forces on October 7, 1947, Field Marshal & Prime Minister Tin Maharaja Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GBE, GCIE Royal Nepalese Army in 1948, Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, OBE, Indian Army in 1950 and General Satyawant Mallana Srinagesh, Indian Army on September 2, 1955.

  1. Why has the height of the Mount Everest changed?

i) Due to tectonic plate movement the fold mountains increase in height

ii) The Indian and the Australian plate push the Asian plate to increase the height of the Mountains here

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Both i and ii
  4. None of the above

Ans. a

Explanation: The mountain’s height changes due to the movement of tectonic plates. As the Indian plate slips under the Eurasian plate, it uplifts the Himalayas. The plate’s movement can lift it up, while earthquakes in the region tend to bring it down. Recently China and Nepal jointly presented a new official figure of 8,848.86 meters (29,031.69 feet) above sea level.

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